Glossary of Terms & Acronyms
The purpose of this glossary is to give a concise summary of some of the more common financial, managerial and operational terminology which Members, Officers and the public are likely to meet during their day to day contact at the Council. It is not, however, intended to be a definitive document. Useful acronyms are also included.
Access to Information
By law the public must be given reasonable notice of matters to be discussed at a Council, committee or sub-committee meeting. They must be enabled to see copies of reports and background papers/materials. Councillors will have access to any information required to fulfil their duties as a Councillor.
Suitable housing which is available to households in need at significantly less than the minimum market price (rent or value). The provision of affordable housing must be appropriate in size, layout and design to meet the needs of specific households identified by the local authority as part of its strategic assessment of housing need.
Land or site proposed in the Borough Council’s Local Development Framework for a specific type of development e.g. housing.
A list of contractors and consultants which may be maintained by the Council. They will have been vetted by the Council in terms of quality and cost. The Council may also use Approved lists compiled by the Borough Council (see Standing Orders for Contracts)
Area of Special County Value for Landscape
An area which is particularly important in the County because of its quality of landscape.
An independent review of a Council’s financial activities to develop sound and efficient systems to minimise the risk of errors and to detect fraud. As well as an external auditor appointed by the Audit Commission, the Council must appoint an internal auditor.
An independent body set up by the Local Government Finance Act 1982. It is responsible for the appointment of external auditors to local councils. The coalition government propose to abolish this body, probably by 2013, but what will succeed it is not yet decided.
The Local Government Act 1999 places a duty on principal councils to demonstrate Best Value in all its services and to secure continuous improvement to their quality and efficiency. Described as a duty on local authorities to provide the quality of service that local people expect, at a price they are willing to pay.
These defined authorities calculate the amount to be raised through the Council Tax after taking into account the precept of all precepting authorities and issue the appropriate bills and collect the relevant amounts. Cheshire East Borough Council is the billing authority
An out-of-date description of employees engaged in jobs of a manual nature, who are paid on a weekly basis. Also commonly referred to as ‘manual’.
(The different conditions of service associated with white collar and blue collar employees are being combined under a Single Status Agreement.)
Boundary Committee for England
This was part of the Electoral Commission, to undertake periodic electoral reviews o all local authorities in England. It was abolished in 2010-see Local Government Boundary Commission for England.
Business Link is a service badge used nationally by the Small Business Service for delivery of their services.
Government Department responsible for supporting the Prime Minister in leading Government and security & intelligence
Whereas revenue expenditure covers daily running costs and is financed from current income, capital expenditure is expenditure on something which will produce an asset capable of providing benefits to the community for several years to come. Such expenditure can be financed from a number of sources, including borrowing, capital receipts arising from the sale of other assets, capital grants from the Government, by leasing land or buildings owned by the local authority, via agreements with the private sector, or by a contribution from the authority’s current account. Examples of capital expenditure might include building a new leisure facility, modernising buildings, or purchasing computer equipment.
A survey of all persons present in the UK normally undertaken every 10 years by the Registrar General. The 2011 Census may be the last.
A central government scheme to promote quality in public services. Local authorities are under a statutory duty to produce performance indicators for local people which are published nationally by the Audit Commission. Organisations with responsibility for delivering public services can also be considered for a Charter Mark.
Award within the Citizen’s Charter initiative for excellence in delivering a pubic service. The awards are administered by the Office of Public Service & Science (OPSS) but final decisions are made by the Prime Minister’s Citizen’s Charter Advisory Panel and the Chancellor of The Duchy of Lancaster. All Charter Mark winners can use the Charter Mark logo for three years on their promotional material.
Committed Land /Site Development
Land which is already considered as being acceptable for a particular purpose by virtue of having a current or past planning permission or which is presently under construction.
The provision of services and support which people who are affected by the problems of ageing, mental illness, mental handicap or physical or sensory disability need to be able to live as independently as possible in their own homes, or in “homely” settings in the community.
Also called Community Strategy or Sustainable Community Strategy. A requirement of the Local Government Act 2000. This is a plan prepared by the Local Strategic Partnership, but facilitated by the Borough Council. It sets out the priorities of the Borough’s communities and the action needed to address them.
Comprehensive Performance Assessment
Linked to Best Value. A detailed inspection by the Audit Commission of a principal Council’s corporate governance and service delivery.
The Council have adopted a written Complaints Policy and which is set out in it’s Constitution.
Compulsory Competitive Tendering (CCT)
A process whereby authorities were required to tender services to competing contractors. The legal requirement for CCT has now been abolished and replaced by a requirement for Best Value under the Local Government Act 1999.
“Computer” (or “computer system”) means any device for automatic storing and processing of data and includes mainframe computer, minicomputer, microcomputer, personal computer(whether hand-held laptop, portable, standalone, network or attached to a mainframe computer), workstation, word processing system, desk top publishing system, office automation system, messaging system or any other similar device;
“Computer data” means any information stored and processed by computer and includes programs, text, geographic, pictures, video and sound.
A personal adviser service to support 13-19 year olds to stay in education or undertake training. The initiative aims to raise levels of educational achievement and help prevent adverse outcomes such as truancy and crime.
An area designated by the Council as having architectural or historic value the character of which is worthy of protection and enhancement. The demolition of certain buildings within its boundaries may only be undertaken if the consent of the local planning authority is sought and obtained. Special consideration is given to planning applications made within a designated Conservation Area. Grants may also be available for the cost of certain repairs to buildings of architectural and historic interest.
Defined in Part 11A of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 as “land where there are substances in, on or under the land which are causing significant harm by identified pathways to identified targets or are causing pollution of controlled waters, or are likely to do so”.
Money set aside in the revenue estimates to meet unforeseen items of expenditure.
External service provider which provides services as agreed in a contract.
Principles on which a council’s policies are based. (see Corporate Strategy)
The broad strategy of the authority which identifies the major issues which are to receive priority in discharging its business and services.
A cost centre is a local authority function or service area for which a specific budget is prepared and costs identified within the authority’s accounts.
A statutory document for principal authorities but a voluntary one for local councils, which sets out how the Council runs its affairs and its power and duties.
Council of Europe
The Council of Europe has 43 member states and its activities cover all major issues facing European society other than defence. Its work programme includes the following fields of activity: human rights; media; legal cooperation; social and economic questions; health; education; culture; heritage; sport; youth; local democracy and trans-frontier co- operations; the environment; and regional planning.
A banded property tax set by local authorities and levied on domestic properties. Each domestic property is allocated to one of eight bands, depending on its open market value at the 1 April 1991.
Council Tax Benefit
An allowance to persons on low income to meet in whole or in part their Council Tax liability. Administered by the Borough Council.
Day-to-day revenue spending on, for example, employees’ salaries and wages, the purchase of goods and services, the rent of premises and maintenance costs of assets.
Data Protection Act
The Data Protection Act 1984 sets out the legal requirements with regard to the holding of personal data on computer systems, e.g. computer systems for council tax must be registered with the Data Protection Registrar. The provisions of the 1984 Act also cover the processing of council tax information held on document image processing systems and microfilm/microfiche systems with computer-aided retrieval.
By law the Council can give its Committees, Sub Committee and officers power to make certain decisions.
Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Government department responsible for food, water, farming & fishing.
Department of Health
Government department responsible for health and social care.
Department of Trade and Industry
Government department responsible for enterprise and business.
Department of Transport
Government department responsible for transportation.
Department of Work & Pensions
Government department which brings together benefits and job search agencies.
Department of Culture, Media and Sport
Government Department for arts, sports, national lottery etc.
Department for Communities and local Government
Government department responsible for local government and the regions.
Department of Education & Skills
Government department for education, learning and workforce development.
Land so damaged by industrial or other development that it is incapable of beneficial use without treatment. This includes disused spoil heaps, worked out mineral excavations, abandoned industrial installations and land damaged by mining subsidence. It excludes land derelict from natural causes, land still in use and land with a planning permission containing conditions requiring after-treatment.
Defined in Section 55 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 as “The carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over, or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land’”.
A document, approved by the Borough Council, relating to a specific site to assist the manner in which future development of the land is carried out. It aims to clarify and expand upon the physical and policy constraints affecting the development of the site, and offers information and guidance to prospective developers. The document also acts as the basis for the consideration of any planning applications which may subsequently be submitted in respect of the site.
District Audit Service
Auditors employed directly by the Audit Service to audit the accounts of principal local authorities. Among other things, the external auditors will check the accounts for legality, reasonableness, willful misconduct and value for money.
DLO (Direct Labour Organisation)
A distinct in-house organisation set up by a local authority to carry out construction/maintenance work set up under compulsory competitive tendering. Under Best Value no longer a legal requirement and now often integrated into client departments. Sometimes referred to as Direct Service Organisation (DSO).
An independent body set up by the UK Parliament. It regulates party and election finance and sets standards for well-run elections. The Commission is independent of Government and is answerable to Parliament.
A Government agency to look after the Countries Heritage. Their responsibilities include listed buildings and conservation areas.
A Government agency set up in November 1993, to stimulate the reclamation and development of land across England to produce jobs and environmental benefits, including the administration of derelict land grant. Now part of regional development agencies.
The most widely used definition of environmental audit is given by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). A management tool comprising a systematic, periodic and objective evaluation of how well environmental organisation, management and equipment are performing with the aim of helping to safeguard the environment by :- Facilitating management control of environmental practices; and Assessing compliance with company policies which would include meeting regulatory requirements.
In essence an audit provides the means for ensuring compliance with legislation and for verifying the adequacy and efficiency of organisational systems.
European Social Fund (ESF)
Funds, training, human resources and equal opportunities schemes to promote employability of people in both Objective 1 and 3 areas (see below). In Objective 2 areas, ESF may be used to complement ERDF activities.
EU Structural Funds
The European Union’s main instruments for supporting social and economic restructuring across the Union, including the ESF.
European Regional Development Fund
Aims to improve economic prosperity and social inclusion by investing in projects to promote development and encourage the diversification of industry into other sectors in areas lagging behind. The fund is available in Objective 1 and 2 areas.
The independent examination of the activities and accounts of local authorities to ensure the accounts have been prepared in accordance with legislative requirements and proper practices, and to ensure that the authority has made proper arrangements to achieve economy, efficiency and effectiveness.
Internal rules and regulations concerning all financial transactions and related matters for all members and officers.
Freedom of Information Act
Requires public bodies to make information publically available and to make this known in a Publication Scheme.
General Permitted Development Order
Sets out those categories of development which may be carried out without the need to apply for planning permission, i.e. “permitted development”. The Local Planning Authority can seek to make a legal direction requiring planning permission to be obtained for development that would normally be allowed by the Order (Article 4 Direction).
Government Offices for the Region
Set up in 1994, they form a national network which bring together the regional offices of several departments: Environment, Transport, Trade & Industry and Education & Employment. In addition to delivering the Government main spending programmes, they are also largely responsible for coordinating the Government’s main regeneration programmes such as the (SRB) Challenge Fund. GONW is the office for the North West.
An area designated to be subject to special protection from built development in order to check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas, to safeguard the countryside from further encroachment, to prevent neighbouring towns from merging with one another, and to assist in urban regeneration.
An area of undeveloped land often in agricultural use which may have potential for new built development but where no infrastructure services are available and is outside the built up area of an existing settlement.
A set timetable agreed by resolution to limit debate and bring a meeting to a close.
A unit of property capable of separate occupation which would be shown as a separate item on valuation for rating purposes.
Homes and Communities Agency (HCA)
A non-departmental public body that funds new affordable housing in England. It was established by the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 as one of the successor bodies to the Housing Corporation, and became operational on 1 December 2008.
Household Waste Site
Established by the waste disposal authority (locally Cheshire East Council), where householders can dispense of bulky refuse which cannot be collected by the Borough Council’s refuse team.
Independent, non-profit making organisations which exist to provide affordable accommodation to those in housing need.
An allowance to persons on low income to meet in whole or part of their housing costs. Benefit is allowed and paid by the Borough Council but Central Government refunds part of the cost of the benefits and the running costs of the service to it.
Housing Needs Survey
A survey undertaken to ascertain the housing needs of a district council’s area to assist in establishing affordable housing policies and the Borough Council’s Housing Strategy.
Houses in Multiple Occupation
The definition of HMOs is broad, and includes hostels, nurses’ homes, bed-sit accommodation and dwellings where residents share kitchen/bathroom/living room facilities, but have separate rent arrangements with the landlord for their bedrooms.
Housing Investment Programme (HIP)
Annual submissions by district local authorities to central government which outline the strategy for meeting housing needs in the area and detail capital spending plans.
The Borough Council’s Housing Strategy is a comprehensive document which sets out how the Council will achieve its aims and objectives in meeting housing need both through partnership and as a major provider of social housing
Internal Audit is an independent appraisal function established by the management of an organisation for the review of the internal control system as a service to the organisation.
It objectively examines, evaluates and reports on the adequacy of internal control as a contribution to the proper, economic, efficient and effective use of resources.
Learning and Skills Council
Responsible for funding and planning education and training for over 16 year olds in England. It operates through 47 sub-regional offices (local learning and skills councils) and a national office in Coventry.
A building included in a list compiled by the Secretary of State for National Heritage as being of special architectural or historic interest as defined in Section 1 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. Buildings are classified in grades to show their relative importance (Grade I, II* and II). The effect of listing on a building, in planning terms, is to safeguard it from unauthorised demolition or insensitive alteration.
LMS (Local Management in Schools)
A system of delegation of management responsibility and budgets to schools. Introduced by the Education Reform Act 1988.
Local Agenda 21
Local Government’s strategy on sustainability, following the adoption of Agenda 21 at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
Local Enterprise Partnership
Local enterprise partnerships will replace the eight regional development agencies outside Greater London in England, under the current coalition government. The measures are expected to be implemented in April 2012. 22 have been given provisional approval, including one for Cheshire and Warrington
Local Government Association
Represents all principal local authorities as a national voice.
Local Government Boundary Commission for England
The body is responsible for three types of review: electoral reviews; administrative boundary reviews; and structural reviews.
Local Government Review (LGR)
The 1992 Local Government Act established a Local Government Commission with the express remit to review the boundaries of English non-metropolitan local authorities.
A further review of two tier areas took place in the three northern regions. No changes resulted from this.
Further reviews were undertaken in some parts of the country in 2007/8. This resulted in two new unitary councils in Cheshire from April 2009, including Cheshire East Borough Council
This is a comprehensive document produced by the Borough Council, required by statute and subject to public consultation which sets out that Council’s policies and proposals with respect to land use and planning over a period of years. Its major tasks are to:
- Identify appropriate sites for new development;
- Meet local needs for facilities and amenities; and
- Protect the Borough’s national and built assets.
It is gradually being replaced by the Local Development Framework
Local Strategic Partnership (LSPs)
Local strategic partnerships draw the key service providers in a local area into a single partnership with which the community is actively engaged, giving communities a greater say in the running and delivery of public services.
Local Area Partnerships
An non statutory arrangement by Cheshire East Council to work closely with communities.
Local Transport Plan
An annual plan which the highways authority( Cheshire East) have to forward to the Government, identifying their plans for sustainable transport.
Market Towns Initiative
Government funding from the Countryside Agency and the Regional Development Agencies to support market town regeneration. This is now discontinued as a national initiative.
The Mayor of the Council is elected by Members from among their number and the appointment is ratified at the Annual General Meeting of the Council. The office is ceremonial rather than political and involves representing the authority at civic functions and other events and chairing Council meetings. Both Macclesfield Town Council and Cheshire East Borough Council have Mayors.
Neighbourhood Action Group (NAG)
Non statutory body established by Cheshire East Council to deal with very local issues and actions.
A proposal under the Localism Bill 2010.. Neighbourhood plans will enable communities to permit development – in full or in outline – without the need for planning applications. New Neighbourhood Plans will be designed to help lift the burden of centralised controls and give neighbourhoods and local areas the flexibility to innovate, be creative, access new resources and control their own futures.
National Association of Local Councils
Represents all local councils which are members to act as a national voice. Thee is also a County branch
National Non-Domestic Rates
These are paid on commercial, business and non-residential property, i.e any property which is not a domestic dwelling. The level of NDR is determined by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, although local (billing) authorities are still responsible for its billing and collection. The level of NDR can only be increased year on year up to the level of the increase in the Retail Price Index.
The proceeds from the tax are pooled and redistributed amongst local authorities in proportion to the Registrar General’s mid-1992 resident population (all ages). In areas served by more than one authority, the amount per head is split in proportion to each authority’s share of Council Tax for Standing Spending (CTSS)
Mandatory Relief: Where the ratepayer is a Charity or Trustees for a Charity and the hereditament (business premises) is used wholly or mainly for charitable purposes. The 80% relief of Business Rates will be given for the period in which the application is received.
Discretionary Relief: a council has the discretion to grant further relief to a maximum of 20% where an organisation is already receiving mandatory relief of 80%
Borough Councils can also grant discretionary relief up to 100% where Mandatory Relief does not apply but conditions of eligibility are met. Discretionary Relief can only be given at the beginning of the financial year in which the application is received.
National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal
Government initiative aimed at narrowing the gap between the most deprived neighbourhoods and the rest of the country on education, jobs, crime, health and housing. Managed within central government by the Neighbourhood Renewal Unit.
National Vocational Qualifications
Introduced in 1993. NVQs are a nationally recognised qualification geared towards studying whilst in employment.
Need to Know Rule
A rule which allows Councillors who are not on a committee to inspect background papers for that committee if it affects their constituents.
Objective 1, 2 and 3 and 5b Programmes
These refer to the EU Structure Funds. A region may have access to one or more of the four structural funds, depending on whether it has Objective 1, 2 or 3 status:
- Areas eligible for funding under Objective 1 are those that have less than 75% of the EU average GDP);
- Objective 2 programmes aim to support the economic and social conversion of areas facing structural difficulties and areas qualify under four strands – industrial, rural, urban and fisheries;
- Objective 3 programmes aim to develop labour markets and human resources;
- Objective 5b programmes aim to assist the economic diversification of fragile rural areas.
- In addition to the priority Objective areas, around 5% of the Structural Fund budget will fund fine Community Initiatives for which the UK will receive around $916 million for these during 2000-2006.
The measurable effect of schemes or projects.
The physical products, or measurable results, of schemes or projects.
Indicators used to enable people to gauge the progress against pre-determined targets.
From 2000/2001 every principal council has had to publish a plan setting out its performance targets, service standards and improvement proposals and its actual performances measured against them.
A system of monitoring an organisation’s standards of service against specific targets.
Planning Policy Guidance
A series of National policy guidance notes published by Government on specific planning matters or issues.
The levy made by precepting authorities on billing authorities, requiring the latter to collect income from council taxpayers on their behalf. (see precepting authorities).
Those authorities which are not billing authorities, such as county councils, parish and town councils and police authorities.
Point of Order/Information
A question raised to clarify whether the procedural rules are being adhered to/ A question raised to clarify something that has been said at a meeting.
County, Borough (district), Unitary, Metropolitan and London Borough Councils
Councillors seeking to carry out their duties, for example in a Council meeting, are given qualified privilege. This means that a Councillor who was being sued for defamation would have limited protection if (s)he honestly believed what was said and was not motivated by malice.
Public Open Space
Land normally held within the ownership of the Council over which all members of the public have rights and access to, for the purpose of informal recreation.
Public Right of Way
A footpath, bridleway or carriageway over which all members of the public have right of access.
Public Service Agreements (PSAs)
Departmental Public Service Agreements link the allocation of public expenditure to published targets with the aim of delivering modern, responsive public services. Local public service agreements area package of performance targets, easing of red tape and financial incentives designed to help local authorities deliver measurable improvements in services.
Publication Scheme- See Freedom of Information
Quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisations. The term ‘quasi government’ for which Quango is a popular acronym refers to both government-created and semi- private organisations which are both distinct from, but usually relate at ‘arms length’ to central government departments or local authorities. Quango is essentially an umbrella term under which a wide variety of organisations may be categorised.
The number of Members that must be present at a meeting to make proceedings valid. Usually this is a quarter of eligible Members, or three, whichever is larger. These are set the Standing Orders.
Regional Development Agency
Regional Development Agencies have been set up by Government to promote the economic prosperity of the region. Macclesfield is within the North West RDA. The coalition government propose to abolish all regional development agencies and replace them with Local Enterprise Partnerships in 2012.
Regional Economic Strategy
A regional framework produced by the Regional Development Agency.
Register of Members Interests
The Local Government Act 2000 and the Members Code of Conduct place requirements on Members for the registration and declaration of their interests and the consequences for the Members participation in consideration of an issue in light of these interests. Councillors need to review their situation regularly.
Guidance is available from the Chief Officer or Borough Monitoring Officer, however, the ultimate responsibility for fulfilling the requirements rests individually with each Councillor.
Reserves and Balances
These are accounting terms which refer to the amount of money still held at the end of the financial year, after allowing for all the expenditure and income that has taken place.
A motion agreed by a meeting is subsequently referred to as a resolution.
Current expenditure plus debt charges.
Revenue Support Grant (RSG)
The main grant paid by Central Government to pay for day-to-day expenditure on Borough and County Council services.
The identification of a separate sum of money which may only be used for a specific purpose.
Scheduled Ancient Monument
Monuments of national importance designated by the Secretary of State for the Environment on advice from English Heritage by virtue of their historic or archaeological value.
Service Level Agreements
An agreement between organisations setting out the standards and terms on which one undertakes a service for another. SLAs may also be referred to as TAGs or Trading Agreements, although some authorities use TAGs as the agreement itself, which then refers to the detail contained in the SLA.
Settlement Zone Line
The boundary which defines the existing and proposed extent of the built-up area of a town or village, beyond which the land and buildings therein are classed as being in the open countryside or Green Belt.
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Sites of national importance designated by English Nature and given statutory protection as areas of special interest by reason of flora, fauna, geological or physiological features.
Where a revenue or capital scheme does not progress at the expected rate of physical progress or spending originally forecast.
Detailed rules governing the order and conduct of the Council and committee business which are designed to ensure that meetings are conducted in an organised and orderly manner. Matters covered include the procedures for giving notice of motions, the raising of questions at Council meetings and rules of debate.
Standing Orders Relating to Contracts
These are rules that govern how the Council awards contracts worth more than a specified sum. The point of them is to make sure that contracts are awarded fairly.
Strategic Rail Authority (SRA)
The SRA formally came into being on the 1 February 2001 following the passage of the Transport Act 2000. Its responsibilities cover the three main sectors of passenger, freight and infrastructure, The SRA’s key role is to promote and develop the rail network and encourage integration. As well as providing overall strategic direction for Britain’s railways, the SRA has responsibility for consumer protection, administering freight grants and steering forward investment projects aimed at opening up bottlenecks and expanding network capacity. It is also responsible for letting and managing passenger rail.
Document produced by the former County Council which sets out the broad strategic planning framework over a fifteen year period for the location of new development, protection of the environment, and major transportation proposals and which guides the preparation of Local Plans. This will soon be replaced by the Regional Spatial Strategy.
If an area of expenditure arises during the year, for which there is no appropriate budget, then a formal request will be made of council to grant the approval of a Supplementary Estimate.
N.B. It is important to note that this procedure is only used where all other possibilities (e.g. Virement, etc.) have been totally exhausted.
Supplementary Planning Guidance
A series of documents prepared and approved by the Local Planning Authority following public consultation which give advice and explain the Borough Council’s approach to particular aspects of development. They are intended to be a guide to developers and indicate the requirements and standards of the Borough Council that will be applied in the determination of planning applications.
An initiative designed to improve the life chances of children by improving their health and social development and ensuring that they are ready to learn when they get to school so breaking the cycle of disadvantage.
As defined by the Brundtland Report – ‘Our Common Future’ (1987) “development which meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to achieve their needs and aspirations”.
The council tax base or resources of each authority is expressed in terms of its equivalent number of dwellings with two or more residents in valuation band D. This is used to set the tax rate of the authority and in the calculation of the authorities entitlement to Revenue Support Grant.
Tenant Services Authority (TSA)
The operating name of the Office for Tenants and Social Landlords, the current regulatory agency of registered providers of social housing in England. The Tenant Services Authority first took over the regulatory work of the Housing Corporation, inspecting housing associations and responding to concerns. Its remit was then expanded to regulate local authority housing, ALMOs and housing cooperatives from April 2010.
The making of an offer by a contractor to carry out work. Usually invited on a competitive basis but sometimes negotiated. Competitive tenders are returned of a given date and time.
The Transfer of Undertakings (TUPE)
The Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 1981 by which the UK implemented the European Union directive on the acquired rights of workers.
A pilot by Government to judge the performance of an area by monitoring all public agencies working together rather than individually.
Tree Preservation Order
An order made by the Local Planning Authority to prohibit the felling or lopping trees specified in the Order without the consent of the Local Planning Authority.
Two Tier Local Government
A system in which responsibilities for local functions and services are divided between two separate district and county councils. Scotland and Wales have only unitary local government as do some areas of England including Cheshire.. Many areas are actually “three tier” if town or parish councils are established.
Local authorities are empowered to do only those things authorised by statute. If they do anything not authorised by statute that action is said to be ultra vires (beyond the powers of). Under the Local Government Act 2000, principal councils only were given a general power to promote the economic, social and environmental well-being of the area.
Unitary Local Government
A system of single tier “all purpose” principal councils which are each responsible for all local authority functions in an area. In England this includes unitary district councils, metropolitan district councils and London borough councils.
Use Classes Order
The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 specifies use classes for different categories of buildings and land use. Generally where a change of use falls within the same use class then development is not involved and no planning permission is required. A change of use from one class to another may constitute development and consequently would require planning permission.
This is an accounting term which refers to the transfer or resources between budget heads. Finance Regulations detail the levels at which virement may take place and the levels of authorisation required.
Mainly office based staff paid on a monthly basis, also commonly referred to as ‘staff’’.
(The different conditions of service associated with white collar and blue collar staff are to be combined in the near future under a national Single Status Agreement.)
|ACAS||Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service|
|ANPA||Association of National Parks Authorities|
|BIGS||Bought in Goods and Services|
|CCT||Compulsory Competitive Tendering (see glossary)|
|CIEH||Chartered Institute of Environmental Health|
|CIPFA||Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy|
|CPA||Comprehensive Performance Assessment|
|CPRE||Campaign for the Protection of Rural England|
|DBFO||Design, Build, Finance, Operate|
|DCMS||Department for Culture, Media & Sport|
|DCLG||Department of Communities & Local Government|
|DEFRA||Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs|
|DfES||Department for Education and Skills|
|DLG||Derelict Land Grant|
|DLO||Direct Labour Organisation (see glossary)|
|DSO||Direct Service Organisation (see glossary)|
|DTI||Department of Trade and Industry|
|DWP||Department for Work and Pensions|
|EFQM||European Foundation Quality Model (Formerly Business Excellence Model)|
|EMU||European Monetary Union|
|ERCF||Estate Regeneration Challenge Fund|
|ESF||European Social Fund|
|GDPO||General Development Procedure Order|
|GONW||Government Office for the Northwest|
|GPDO||General Permitted Development Order|
|HRD||Human Resource Development|
|ICT||Information and Communications Technology|
|ILAM||Institute of Leisure and Amenity Management|
|IRRV||Institute of Revenues, Rating and Valuation|
|ISRM||Institute of Sport and Recreation Management|
|LEA||Local Education Authority|
|LEP||Local Enterprise Partnership|
|LGA||Local Government Association|
|LGC||Local Government Chronicle or Local Government Commission|
|LGIB||Local Government International Bureau|
|LHC||Local Housing Company|
|LSC||Learning and Skills Council|
|LSP||Local Strategic Partnership|
|LSVT||Large Scale Voluntary Transfer (of Housing Stock)|
|LTP||Local Transport Plan|
|MBO||Management Buy Out|
|MEP||Member of the European Parliament|
|MTI||Market Town Initiative|
|NABMA||National Association of British Markets Authorities|
|NAG||Neighbourhood Action Group|
|NALC||National Association of Local Councils|
|NNDR||National Non-Domestic Rate|
|NSALG||National Society of Allotment & Leisure Gardeners|
|NVQ||National Vocational Qualification (see glossary)|
|NWDA||Northwest Development Agency|
|NWRA||Northwest Regional Assembly|
|OFWAT||Office of Water Services|
|PFI||Private Finance Initiative|
|POS||Public Open Space|
|PPG||Planning Policy Guidance|
|PROW||Public Right of Way|
|PSA||Public Service Agreement|
|PSBR||Public Sector Borrowing Requirement|
|RDA||Regional Development Agency|
|RIBA||Royal Institution of British Architects|
|RTPI||Royal Town Planning Institute|
|SAM||Scheduled Ancient Monument|
|SBI||Site of Biological Importance|
|SBS||Small Business Service (trades as Business Link)|
|SCA||Supplementary Credit Approval|
|SEA||Single European Act|
|SECE||South East Cheshire Enterprise Ltd|
|SEM||Single European Market|
|SMEs||Small and Medium Enterprises|
|SOLACE||Society of Local Authority Chief Executives|
|SRA||Strategic Rail Authority|
|SSSI||Site of Special Scientific Interest|
|TIC||Tourist Information Centre|
|TIP||Tourist Information Point|
|TPO||Tree Preservation Order|
|TPP||Transport Policies and Programme|
|VFM||Value for Money|
|VOA||Valuation Office Agency|